BUILDING INSPECTIONS AND CONSTRUCTIVE DEFECTSMay 25, 2021
Building Inspection is based on anamnesis and predominantly sensory inspection processes and can be supported by expeditious tests and verifications. It must present a technical report with a diagnosis of the situation, classification of the importance of failures, anomalies, and most significant pathological manifestations, as well as an indication of the actions necessary to ensure the conservation of the building.
Assess the pathological manifestations of the building, pertinent to failures of operation, use, and maintenance, and separate them from endogenous anomalies, using basically the concepts and guidelines of the Building Inspection.
Information and awareness about consumer rights in relation to the purchase and use of buildings are increasingly understood and demanded by society. In Civil Engineering works, especially in the private sector, construction companies, under the obligation of the Civil Code, must provide warranty services for a minimum period of 5 (five) years.
The general objective of this work is to analyze the quality of the buildings in the first 5 (five) years of existence, preferably close to the 2nd (second) and again in the 4th (fourth) year, in relation to endogenous anomalies (addictions) construction, use, and maintenance failures, to contribute to a better quality building, to avoid complaints and legal conflicts of Condominiums / Buildings against Builders / Incorporators.
DEFINITION OF THE TOPIC
Building Inspection is a predominantly sensory evaluation process of technical conditions, use, operation, maintenance, functionality, warranty, renovation, project life, endogenous anomaly and performance of the building, its construction systems and subsystems, at a given point in its useful life (on the date of the inspection), considering the requirements of the users and the builder.
The word provenance inserted in Building Inspection aims precisely to show itself to be true, to justify itself, and to suggest the incumbency of the fact to whom it is entitled, related to endogenous anomalies and failures in use, operation, and maintenance.
When considering the important “Child phase of the building”, these being the first years of the building’s existence, it is the best time to create good habits in relation to building conservation and maintenance
Therefore, the guidance and awareness given to the legal manager of the building (liquidator) and involved in this relevant period, lists the important action of the inserted and suggested provenances. In this beginning, show the right path, make it clear in its origin, so that good habits related to the use, maintenance, and conservation of the building can be created, with foundation and technical guidance, as it is pertinent to the development of the Building Inspection.
IMPORTANCE OF THE THEME
The building inspection is divided into two specific aspects, aiming at improvements and relevant information for Condominiums / Users and concomitantly for Builders / Developers:
For Condominiums / Users, this diagnostic engineering tool promotes the evaluation of buildings, whether maintenance or guidance on use, warranty, renovation, and project life is being carried out or not. It raises awareness and advises the liquidator to comply with preventive and corrective maintenance actions, as required by the standard and the manuals.
Considered the best time to encourage good habits of use and maintenance in building inspection, it is in the first 5 (five) years, the “child phase” of the building, that actions are developed with the purpose of avoiding maintenance failures and as a final objective, the building security.
For Builders / Developers, the diagnostic engineering tool will develop a repertoire of precious information related to endogenous anomalies / constructive defects and performance. Having, the construction company, advance information about the problems in the condominium, it will be able to administer corrective actions of its responsibility and have in hand knowledge of problems that can be avoided in the next enterprise.
It is of essential advantage for both parties to apply this diagnostic engineering tool if we consider the relevance in avoiding or minimizing complaints and legal conflicts between condominiums against construction companies
A building inspection is a useful tool for assessing the conservation conditions of buildings in general, to certify whether the maintenance procedures adopted are insufficient or non-existent, in addition to providing subsidies to guide the maintenance plan and programs, through technical recommendations.
It is recommended that the manual indicates the carrying out of Inspection reports on maintenance, use, and operation, to be carried out periodically by qualified professionals registered with the competent professional councils, to be attached to the documentation and records of the building.
Process of predominantly sensory evaluation of the technical conditions, use, operation, maintenance and functionality of the building and its construction systems and subsystems, at a given point in its useful life (on the date of the survey), taking into account the requirements of the users.
Structured and periodic process for evaluating the technical conditions of use, operation, maintenance, and functionality of the building and its construction systems and subsystems, at a given point in its useful life (on the date of the survey), for purposes of analysis and registration of the apparent state-building performance.
In view of this, the general objective of this work is to evaluate the pathological manifestations of the building, pertinent to the failures of operation, use, and maintenance, and to separate it from endogenous anomalies, using basically the concepts and guidelines of the Building Inspection. The work is carried out in the second and again in the first four years of the building’s existence, the main interested parties and contractors for this service are the builders/developers, but it can also be hired by the buildings/condominiums.
For the builder/developer referring to their product in use, the work will produce a history about quality and performance, cost reduction with technical assistance and problems with guarantees, fewer requests from the legal manager (manager) claiming problems in the building, reduction of problems related to maintenance and which are often mistaken by the condominium/building as endogenous anomalies (constructive defects.
Furthermore, the general goal of building inspection is to evaluate the pathological manifestations of the building, pertinent to the operational, use, and maintenance failures and to the endogenous anomalies, basically using the concepts and guidelines of the Inspection of Buildings. The work is carried out in the second and again in the first four years of existence of the building, the main interesting side and hirers for this service are the builders/developers, but can also be hired for the buildings/condominiums. For the construction company/developer regarding its product in use, the work will produce a history of quality and performance, which are often confused by the condominium/building as endogenous anomalies (constructive defects).